Thursday, March 20, 2008

FAQ - Automation - QTP ( 51 to 60 )


51. What is Text or Text Area Checkpoint?

A. Text or Text Area Checkpoint Results
By adding text or text area checkpoints to your tests, you can check that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place in your application or on your Web page. When you run your test, Quick Test compares the expected results of the checkpoint to the actual results of the test run. If the results do not match, the checkpoint fails.


52. What is Bitmap Checkpoint?

A. Bitmap Checkpoints:
You can check an area of a Web page or application as a bitmap. While creating a test, you specify the area you want to check by selecting an object. You can check an entire object or any area within an object. Quick Test captures the specified object as a bitmap, and inserts a checkpoint in the test. You can also choose to save only the selected area of the object with your test in order to save disk space.


53. What is Table and Database Checkpoint?

A. Table and Database Checkpoints:
By adding table checkpoints to your tests, you can check that a specified value is displayed in a cell in a table on your Web page or in your application. By adding database checkpoints to your tests, you can check the contents of databases accessed by your Web page or application. The results displayed for table and database checkpoints are similar. When you run your test, Quick Test compares the expected results of the checkpoint to the actual results of the test run. If the results do not match, the checkpoint fails.


54. What is Accessibility Checkpoint?

A. Accessibility Checkpoints:
You can add accessibility checkpoints to help you quickly identify areas of your Web site that may not conform to the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. You can add automatic accessibility checkpoints to each page in your test, or you can add individual accessibility checkpoints to individual pages or frames.


55. What is XML Checkpoint?

A. XML Checkpoint:
The XML Checkpoint Properties dialog box displays the element hierarchy and values (character data) of the selected XML file.

Select the element(s), attribute(s), and/or value(s) that you want to check. For each element you want to check, select the checks you want to perform. For each attribute or value you want to check, select the checks you want to perform, or the parameterization options you want to set.


56. What is Synchronization?

A. When you run tests, your application may not always respond with the same speed. For example, it might take a few seconds:
for a progress bar to reach 100%
for a status message to appear
for a button to become enabled
for a window or pop-up message to open
You can handle these anticipated timing problems by synchronizing your test to ensure that Quick Test waits until your application is ready before performing a certain step.


57. What are different functions available for Synchronization?

A. There are several options that you can use to synchronize your test:

You can insert a synchronization point, which instructs Quick Test to pause the test until an object property achieves the value you specify. When you insert a synchronization point into your test, Quick Test generates a WaitProperty statement in the Expert View.


58. What is the difference in Exists/wait statements?

A. Exist ()/ Wait()

You can insert Exist or Wait statements that instruct QuickTest to wait until an object exists or to wait a specified amount of time before continuing the test.

Eg. Browser('Yahoo”).Page('CheckMail”).Button(“CheckMail”).Exists(10)

QTP waits for 10 seconds till the button exists in the page. The script proceeds if the button even exits before 10 seconds unlike wait() statement – it waits for 10 seconds no matter the button exits before 10 seconds.


59. What is Default Time Out?

A. Default Time Out:
You can also increase the default timeout settings in the Test Settings and Options dialog boxes in order to instruct Quick Test to allow more time for certain events to occur


60. What is Parameterization (Data Table Wizard)?

A. You can supply the list of possible values for a parameter by creating a Data Table parameter. Data Table parameters enable you to create a data-driven test (or action) that runs several times using the data you supply. In each repetition, or iteration, Quick Test substitutes the constant value with a different value from the Data Table.


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