Thursday, March 20, 2008

FAQ - Automation - QTP (101 to 110)

101. How to add a page checkpoint to your test?

The page checkpoint checks that the number of links and images in the page when you run your test is the same as when you recorded your test.


1 Locate the page where you want to add a page checkpoint.
2 Create a page checkpoint.
Right-click anywhere in the Active Screen, and choose Insert Standard Checkpoint. The Object Selection - Checkpoint Properties dialog box opens. Note that this dialog box may include different elements, depending on where you click in the Active Screen.
3 Save the test.

102. How Does Run time data (Parameterization) is handled in QTP?

You can then enter test data into the Data Table, an integrated spreadsheet with the full functionality of Excel, to manipulate data sets and create multiple test iterations, without programming, to expand test case coverage. Data can be typed in or imported from databases, spreadsheets, or text files.

103. What is keyword view and Expert view in QTP?

QuickTest’s Keyword Driven approach, test automation experts have full access to the underlying test and object properties, via an integrated scripting and debugging environment that is round-trip synchronized with the Keyword View. Advanced testers can view and edit their tests in the Expert View, which reveals the underlying industry-standard VBScript that QuickTest Professional automatically generates. Any changes made in the Expert View are automatically synchronized with the Keyword View.

104. How QTP recognizes Objects in AUT?

QuickTest stores the definitions for application objects in a file called the Object Repository. As you record your test, QuickTest will add an entry for each item you interact with. Each Object Repository entry will be identified by a logical name (determined automatically by QuickTest), and will contain a set of properties (type, name, etc) that uniquely identify each object. Each line in the QuickTest script will contain a reference to the object that you interacted with, a call to the appropriate method (set, click, check) and any parameters for that method (such as the value for a call to the set method). The references to objects in the script will all be identified by the logical name, rather than any physical, descriptive properties.

105. What are the types of Object Repositories in QTP?

QuickTest has two types of object repositories for storing object information: shared object repositories and action object repositories. You can choose which type of object repository you want to use as the default type for new tests, and you can change the default as necessary for each new test. The object repository per-action mode is the default setting. In this mode, QuickTest automatically creates an object repository file for each action in your test so that you can create and run tests without creating, choosing, or modifying object repository files. However, if you do modify values in an action object repository, your changes do not have any effect on other actions. Therefore, if the same test object exists in more than one action and you modify an object’s property values in one action, you may need to make the same change in every action (and any test) containing the object. If I give some thousand tests to execute in 2 days what do u do? Adhoc testing is done. It covers the least basic functionalities to verify that the system is working fine. Does QTP is “Unicode” compatible? QTP 6.5 is not but QTP 8.0 is expected to be Unicode compatible by end of December 2004.

106. How to “Turn Off” QTP results after running a Script?

Goto “Tools > Options > Run Tab” and Deselect “View results when run session ends”. But this suppresses only the result window, but a log will be created and can viewed manually which cannot be restricted from getting created.

107. Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP ?

Once a tester has run a test, a TestFusion report displays all aspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree View of the test specifying exactly where application failures occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each checkpoint pass and failure. By combining TestFusion reports with QuickTest Professional, you can share reports across an entire QA and development team.

108. To which environments do QTP supports ?

QuickTest Professional supports functional testing of all enterprise environments, including Windows, Web, ..NET, Java/J2EE, SAP, Siebel, Oracle, PeopleSoft, Visual Basic, ActiveX, mainframe terminal emulators, and Web services.

109. What’s QuickTest Window?

Before you begin creating tests, you should familiarize yourself with the main QuickTest window.
The QuickTest window contains the following key elements:
Title bar—Displays the name of the currently open test.
Menu bar—Displays menus of QuickTest commands.
File toolbar—Contains buttons to assist you in managing your test.
Testing toolbar—Contains buttons to assist you in the testing process.
Debug toolbar—Contains buttons to assist you in debugging tests.
Test pane—Contains the Keyword View and Expert View tabs.
Active Screen—Provides a snapshot of your application as it appeared when you performed a certain step during the recording session.
Data Table—Assists you in parameterizing your test.
Debug Viewer pane—Assists you in debugging your test. The Debug Viewer pane contains the Watch Expressions, Variables, and Command tabs. (The Debug Viewer pane is not displayed when you open QuickTest for the first time. You can display the Debug Viewer by choosing View <>Status bar—Displays the status of the QuickTest application.

110. How does QTP identifies the object in the application

QTP identifies the object in the application by LogicalName and Class.
For example :
The Edit box is identified by
Logical Name : PSOPTIONS_BSE_TIME20
Class: WebEdit

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